Seagoing Bulk Carrier The General Purpose and Use

Numerous risks were encountered during the operation of sea-going bulk carriers. It is essential to plan carefully and be cautious in all shipboard matters. This site will provide quick guidance to the international shipping community as well as information on loading and discharging various bulk cargo types. It is essential to stay within the restrictions set by the classification organisation. It's important to avoid stressing the structural integrity of the vessel and follow all safety procedures for safe passage at sea. Our detail pages cover various aspects of bulk carriers that may be interesting to people working on board or ashore at the terminal.

General features of a seagoing bulk carrier
Bulk carriers, or single-deck vessels with top-side tanks, or hopper side tanks in cargo space, are built to transport bulk cargo from a single commodity. Solid bulk cargo could refer to any kind of material other then liquid or gasoline, that is comprised of a mix of granules as well as particles. They can be loaded directly into the ship's cargo spaces with no sort of containment. These dry cargoes include bulk grain, sugar, and ores. Bulk carrier, when understood in its broadest meaning can refer to any vessel specifically designed to carry bulk cargo such as liquid cargo or solid cargo. Tankers could also be included. In ordinary usage, however it is applied to vessels that are designed to transport bulk solid cargos, usually grains and other agricultural products as well as mineral products such as stone, coal, ore and more. in one or more voyage legs.   Peruse this valemax blog for more.


What Is A Bulk Ship?

"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"

Carrying capacities range between 3,000 and 300,000.
Average speed of 12 15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Small to medium size bulk (carrying capacities between 40,000 and 60,000 tonnes) typically come with cargo handling gear. However, larger vessels can use shore-based -facilities to load or unload.
-Cargo holds that are large are free of obstructions and have larger hatch sizes for easier loading/unloading.
Ballast holds are a standard feature of bulk carriers. It can be utilized during ballast voyages to improve stability. A few additional holds may be permitted for partial ballasting but only in port
They are available in single pull or stacking (piggyback) and type hatch covers made of steel.
-Quatre types of ballast tanks
Sloping topside wing tanks
Sloping bottom side wing tanks
Double bottom tanks
Peak and afterwards peak ballast tank.

Are you searching for bulk bulk material that is solid? Anything that isn't liquids or gases, which is composed of granules or particles or larger pieces of material. These items can be loaded directly into cargo spaces without any intermediary type of confinement. The goods transported by bulk carriers, which range from "clean" food items up to "dirty" minerals, and including those that could react with each other or with contaminants like water, means that care must be taken to ensure that cargo spaces are prepared properly for the particular cargo that is to be loaded. Surveyors are often required to look over the area and determine if it is suitable to be loaded. To ensure that contamination does not occur it is essential that any residue left behind by a previous cargo be eliminated. The bulk cargo is the most vulnerable to water damage. This means that the storage areas need to be dry to allow cargo to enter. In addition, hatch covers must also be waterproof and sealed when required to stop water from entering. All fittings within the hold (ladders and pipes guards, bilge covers, etc.) should be inspected. You should inspect every fitting in the hold (ladders,pipe guards,bilge covers...) to ensure that they are in good operating condition. Such pieces of equipment might cause serious damages to conveyor belt systems and, consequently, delays and the ship would be held liable, should they happen to discharge inadvertently with the cargo. Check out this tankers blog for more.


Bulk Carrier Bulk Carrier Bulker Bulk Carrier, Bulker A vessel that is able to transport dry cargo. It is not intended to be a liquid bulk tanker or carrier. Bulk carriers that are conventional have only a single deck that has a single skin, double-bottom, hopper side and topside tanks. Bulk carriers can carry any bulk cargo from heavy to light grain, up to the maximum weight they can carry. It can be difficult to load, transport and disperse dry bulk cargo.

Gearless Bulk Carrier
A lot of bulk cargoes may contain dangerous substances or change their properties during transport. Improper loading could lead to damage to the vessel easily. The ship may bend when it is loaded to its highest forward hold. This is known as "stress?" could have fatal consequences at sea in rough weather. Residues from previous cargoes can be a serious threat to the new cargoes. Certain bulk cargoes could be affected by water damage, e.g. cement power. It can be challenging to establish the exact amounts and weights of the cargoes being loaded or being unloaded. These issues have serious consequences on the operation of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? Bulk cargoes naturally form the shape of a circle when they are loaded onto conveyor belts. The angle that this cone forms is called the angle or repose'. It varies for each type of cargo. Iron ore cargoes, however have a steeply-angled cone. The cargoes that are flow unimpeded will form smaller cones. A cargo with a low angle of repose has the potential to shift during passage. As the cargo gets closer to the point of completion, bulldozers may be necessary to spread the load across the storage areas. Dry-bulk carriers generally have to make use of facilities on shore to load cargo and discharge it. But certain bulk carriers come with self unloading features, such as conveyors below the cargo hold or cranes on deck.

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